By 22 June

First inaugural sitting of Parliament:

  • The inaugural sitting of the 7th democratic parliament took place on the 14 June 2024.
  • During this first sitting, the new members of parliament were sworn in and the Speaker of the National Assembly and President of South Africa were elected by the new parliament.
  • Thoko Didiza was elected as Speaker and Dr Annelie Lotriet as Deputy Speaker. Didiza and Veronica Mente were both nominated for the position, but Didiza won with 284 votes.
  • Didiza has been a member of parliament since 1994 and has served in various ministerial positions during this tenure, including Minister of Agriculture and Land Affairs (1999-2006) as well as Minister of Public Works (2006-2008).
  • Lotriet and Vuyolwethu Zungula were nominated for the Deputy Speaker position, which Dr. Lotriet won by 273 votes.
  • The newly elected Deputy Speaker has a background in education and academia before being elected to parliament in 2009. Since then, she has served as a Shadow Minister for several departments including Arts and Culture (2009-2012) and Higher Education and Training (2012-2014).
  • President Cyril Ramaphosa and Julius Malema were nominated for the presidency, but President Ramaphosa won with 283 votes.

Government of National Unity:

  • On the 17 June 2024, five political parties officially signed the Statement of Intent to participate in the GNU.
  • This includes the African National Congress (ANC), Democratic Alliance (DA), Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP), GOOD party and the Patriotic Alliance (PA). These parties collectively make up 68% of the National Assembly.
  • Another Bloc, called the Progressive Caucus, has also formed in opposition to the GNU, which consists of political parties which have declined the invitation to be part of the GNU. This includes several political parties such as uMkhonto we Sizwe party (MK), Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) and African Transformation Movement (ATM).

Inauguration of the President:

  • President Cyril Ramaphosa had his inauguration address on the 19 June 2024, at the Union buildings in Pretoria.
  • During his inauguration speech he highlighted several key issues which the government would be prioritising in the next 5 years. Here are the key points from his speech:
    • Economic and Social priorities: He put a lot of emphasis on improving and creating a more inclusive economy, especially as it relates to employment as well as prioritising service delivery and welfare of citizens.
    • Government of National Unity: Ramaphosa acknowledged the election results as a call for collaborative governance, emphasising the importance of the GNU and the role it will play for the next 5 years.
    • National Dialogue: The president called for a national dialogue to address critical challenges and for a social compact to achieve the aspirations of the National Development Plan.
    • Global engagement: Expressed commitment to multilateralism, advocating for a fairer world and closer collaboration with African nations.

By 12 June

Final results

  • Following the conclusion of the 2024 National and Provincial Elections (NPE2024), the African National Congress (ANC) has lost its 30-year-long parliamentary majority and will for the first time in three decades. This outcome necessitates discussions among various political parties to either form a coalition government or Government of National Unity. This signals a shift in South Africa’s political landscape.
  • Despite its historical prominence, the ANC experienced a notable decline, securing only 40.18% of the total votes cast. This decline underscores growing discontent or shifting political allegiances among voters.
  • Conversely, the Democratic Alliance (DA) saw a modest increase, reaching 21.81%—a 1.04% increase from 2019. This modest gain maintains the DA’s opposition status.
  • The EFF slipped to the fourth largest opposition party, losing 1.28% of votes compared to 2019, falling to the fourth largest opposition party in the country, while the newly formed MK (uMkhonto weSizwe) party emerged as the unexpected third largest opposition party which gained 14.58% of votes.

New Entrants to Parliament:

  • Parties such as the PA, ActionSA, BOSA, Rise, PAC, UAT secured parliamentary seats.

Provincial Results:

  • The ANC retains its majority in the Free State, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, Eastern Cape, and Northwest, while the DA retains its majority in the Western Cape.
  • No party gained a majority in Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, and the Northern Cape.

Final Parliamentary Seat Distribution:

  • ANC: 159, DA: 87, MK: 58, EFF: 39, IFP: 17, PA: 9, VF: 6, ActionSA: 6, ACDP: 3, UDM: 3, ATM: 2, Al Jama-ah: 2, BOSA: 2, Rise: 2, PAC: 1, CCC: 2, GOOD: 1, UAT: 1.

Key election outcomes

  • in response to the election outcome, the ANC has announced its intention to form a Government of National Unity (GNU). A GNU entails a collaboration among multiple political parties to govern the nation jointly.
  • With the first parliamentary session scheduled for 14 June 2024, the ANC faces pressure to finalise an agreement. This urgency arises as the new parliament must elect the speaker, deputy speaker, and president.

Challenges to Parliamentary Sitting:

  • Challenges to the parliamentary sitting have emerged as the MK party announced its intention to avoid the first sitting. They allege irregularities and vote rigging in the national elections, demanding resolution before participating in parliamentary proceedings.

Parties Not Supporting GNU:

  • Political parties that do not support a GNU include BOSA, Al Jama-ah, PAC, ACDP, UAT, ATM and the UDM
  • The EFF has declared it will not enter into a GNU if the DA is included.
  • The ANC, DA, IFP, PA and Rise Mzansi have declared support for a GNU, while VF, ActionSA, GOOD and the CCC have not yet declared support or denounced a GNU.

By 28 May 2024

Electoral update:

  • Following incidents involving storage sites and staff in eThekwini, the IEC has issued a statement assuring the public that it has implemented additional measures to secure storage sites across the country.
  • As special in-country voting occurs on the 27th and 28th of May, here is a provincial breakdown of special vote applications: Gauteng (335 480), KwaZulu-Natal (320 010), Eastern Cape (286 059), Limpopo (159 800), Western Cape (137 558), North-West (132 627), Mpumalanga (126 112), Free State (86 908), Northern Cape (83 504).
  • Voters can expect three ballot papers in the upcoming 2024 elections:
    • The National Ballot: 52 parties will be listed in dual columns. This ballot will used to vote for political parties.
    • The Regional to National Ballots: This ballot is for parties and independent candidates vying for National Assembly seats per province.
    • The Provincial Ballots: Unique to each province, this ballot features parties and independents competing for provincial legislature seats. This ballot will allow voters to choose either a political party or an independent candidate to represent them in provincial legislatures.

Fake news, misinformation and disinformation:

  • The IEC has expressed concern over an incident that occurred in eThekwini in Kwa-Zulu Natal on 25 May 2024. Supporters of the MK party circulated videos alleging ‘vote rigging’ at the IEC storage sites at Chesterville and Hammarsdale.
  • The IEC has clarified that these videos captured legitimate and planned logistical arrangement and storage of election materials in preparation for the special voting taking place on the 27th and 28th of May ahead of the National elections on 29 May.
  • The Commission further stated that unauthorised individuals gained access to the site and filmed the activities.
  • Members of MK Party at the provincial warehouse where ballots were denied access and instructed to leave the premises.

Other news:

  • The IEC reports threats to a presiding officer in eThekwini regarding t bulk materials stored at the Baptist Church voting station in Chesterville. The Commission strongly condemns threats against its staff.

By 22 May 2024

Electoral process:

  • The IEC has reported that special voting for out-of-country missions, concluded successfully with no incidents this past weekend.
  • With out-of-country special voting complete, the IEC now prepares for in-country special voting which will take place on 27 and 28 of May, two days before election day. 1.7 million people have been approved for special votes on these days.
  • The National Joint Operational and Intelligence Structure has undertaken preparations to ensure the general election continues peacefully.

Judicature:

  • The IEC has welcomed the Constitutional Court’s judgement clarifying its role in qualifying National Assembly candidates, allowing it to proceed with preparations for the elections on 29 May without concerns of legal challenges.
  • On Monday, the Constitutional Court overturned the IEC’s decision on former president Jacob Zuma’s eligibility to contest these elections ruling that the former president is not eligible for election to Parliament.

Fake news, misinformation and disinformation:

  • The IEC condemns and warns South Africans of a Mr Sy Mamabolo impersonating a Chief Electoral Officer on WhatsApp.  The impersonator appears to offer to manipulate the 2024 NPE  outcomes in exchange for monetary.
  • Former Premier of the Western Cape, Helen Zille has been reported to the IEC for disseminating a doctored ANC poster with false information.

By 8 May

Electoral process:

  • Following a high volume of applications the IEC extended the deadline for online applications for special votes from 5pm to midnight, 3 May 2024.
  • The IEC announced this week that in collaboration with the Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO), final preparations for out-of-country voting have commenced and will take place in 111 foreign missions.
  1. In 9 countries (Algiers, Amman, Cairo, Damascus, Jeddah, Kuwait City, Ramallah, Riyadh, and Tehran) out-of-country voting will take place on 17 May 2024 between 07h00 and 19h00.
  2. Voting will take place on 18 May 2024 in the remaining 102 countries between 07h00 and 19h00.
  3. Voting hours have been extended for the missions in Washington DC and New York to between 07h00 and 21h00.
  4. Two days of voting will take place in the United Kingdom on the 17th and 18th May 2024 between 07h00 and 21h00.
  • The top 10 international voting stations by number of out-of-country voters is as follows:

Judicature:

  • The Constitutional Court will hear applications from the African Congress for Transformation (ACT), Labour Party of South Africa and the Afrikan Alliance of Social Democrats, all seeking a leave to appeal the April judgement of the Electoral Court.

Fake news, misinformation and disinformation:

  • Meta has partnered with the IEC in preparation for the national elections next month to counteract misinformation, harmful content, abuses of artificial intelligence (AI) generated content on social media platforms.
  • This follows a number of efforts by the IEC and other organisations aimed at tackling the dissemination and misuse of disinformation surrounding the election.

Other developing news:

  • The IEC released a statement reaffirming its stance on non-interference in the internal matters of political parties. This was in response to Mr. Jabulani Khumalo request to remove Jacob Zuma from its list of candidates. The statement clarified that the commission only acts upon instructions from a registered leader, in this instance, Jacob Zuma being the leader of the MK party.

By 3 May 2024

Electoral process:

The IEC has issued reminders and clarifications regarding special voting and election procedures for the upcoming national and provincial elections, which include:

  • The deadline for special voting applications is Friday, 3 May 2024.

It is important to note that there are two categories of special votes affected by the deadline of Friday, 3 May 2024.

  1. Voters unable to travel to voting stations can apply for a home visit special vote.
  2. Any registered voters who are unable to be at the voting station on Election Day and wish to vote early at their voting station.

Special voting will occur on the 27 and 28 May 2024 between 9am and 5pm.

Persons who intend to vote by special vote must first apply or cause an application to be submitted on their behalf, further details here.

  • The deadline for voters who intend to be in a different voting district than the one they are registered to vote at on Election day should inform the Commission of their absence and specify where they want to vote by Friday, 17 May 2024 at this portal.

Judicature:

  • The IEC has laid a criminal complaint and requested an expedited investigation into the allegations that the uMkhonto we Sizwe party had submitted fraudulent signatures to meet the candidate nomination requirements.
  • The Democratic Alliance (DA) won its case against the IEC which sought the opening of the Honorary Consulates as voting stations abroad in 2024.

Fake news, misinformation and disinformation:

  • The IEC notes an incident in which messages circulated across WhatsApp that claimed the IEC had permitted voters aged 60 and older to register to vote before 29 May. The Commission reiterated that there are no automatic age-based qualifications for a special vote and cautioned the public to be wary of misinformation as 29 May approaches.
  • The IEC also cautions voters that have applied for home visits to verify that those visiting are credibly affiliated with the IEC before letting them in.

Other:

The final lists of candidates who will be contesting in the National and Provincial Elections (NPE 2024) as published by the IEC:

By 24 April 2024

Candidate nominations list:

Electoral process:
• The Independent Electoral Commission announced last Tuesday that following the finalisation of the candidate list for the National and Provincial Election (NPE) 2024 the commission will now proceed with printing the election ballot papers.
• Earlier this week, the IEC reminded South African voters who intend to vote outside the country to notify the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) by Tuesday, 22 April.

Judicature:
• Last week the Electoral Court announced the dismissal of 5 cases against the IEC related to non-compliance with the requirements for candidate nomination. The Court dismissed applications from Operation Dudula, Arise South Africa, Cape Independence Party Defenders of the People, and Independent South Africa National Civic Organisation parties. The IEC noted that further details substantiating the dismissals would be provided soon.
• On Monday, 22 April, the Kwa-Zulu Natal High Court rejected a bid by the governing African National Congress (ANC) to prevent the uMkhonto weSizwe (MK) party from using the name and logo of its disbanded military wing from the liberation era.
• On Tuesday, 23 April, the Constitutional Court announced it will consider an appeal filed by the IEC against the Electoral Court ruling to allow former president Jacob Zuma to stand as a parliamentary candidate for the MK party in May.
• The Constitutional Court also stated that answering affidavits by the ANC or MK to the IEC’s bid to appeal must be submitted on or before Thursday, 25 April.

By 17 April 2024:

List of voting stations:

The IEC released the final list of voting stations on 15 April 2024.

This election will be the first time that voters are required to notify the IEC in advance if they don’t plan to vote at the voting station they are registered at.

Previously, voters could apply to vote at a different voting station on the day of the election, however this system was scrapped leading into the 2024 general election.

Voters who are not able to or wont be in their registered district have until 17 May 2024 to submit their intent to vote at a different station.

The IEC can be notified online or in person at the local IEC office.

Finalisation of candidate lists:

The IEC published the final lists of candidates who will be contesting the national and provincial election.

There are 70 political parties, and 11 independent candidates contesting according to the candidates list.

Despite this, there are still some outstanding challenges to the candidate list which could delay the printing of ballots.

6 judgements have been reserved by the electoral court, which the IEC expects to be clarified within the week of 15 April 2024, allowing the IEC to begin printing the official ballots.

Party alliances in Western Cape:

The Patriotic Alliance (PA) announced on 16 April 2024, that it has garnered the support of several smaller parties in the Western Cape.

5 political parties mostly from rural areas in the Western Cape have chosen to put their support behind the PA instead of contesting the general election themselves.

This has contributed to the shift in Western Cape politics as some experts have indicated that there is a possibility that the Democratic Alliance may loose its majority within the province.

As of 10 April 2024:

Candidates nomination list:

The IEC released a briefing on 28 March 2024, noting the objections that were made during the candidate nomination objection process.

In total the IEC received 82 objections relating to candidates nominated by 21 political parties across the national and provisional nomination lists.

Relevant stakeholders have until 2 April 2024 to appeal any decision made by the IEC regarding the candidate nomination lists.

Former president Jacob Zuma barred from the MK party list:

On 28 March 2024, the IEC upheld an objection to have former president Jacob Zuma on the candidates list for the MK party in the upcoming general elections.

The IEC argued that the former president did not qualify for the list of candidates because he had been jailed for more than 12 months.

The electoral court decided on the outcome of the MK’s appeal on 9 April 2024.

Former president Jacob Zuma won the appeal to overturn the IEC decision. However, the electoral court has not given its reasoning behind the decision, which the IEC hopes will shed light on the decision taken by the court.

National Assembly Speaker has resigned:

Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula, who is the Speaker of the National Assembly, resigned as Speaker and as a Member of Parliament on 3 April 2024. This followed alleged bribes that she solicited as Defence Minister between 2017 and 2019.

Mapisa-Nqakula put forward an application to stop her pending arrest over the weekend, which was denied by the court.

Subsequently, she handed herself over to police on 4 April 2024 and appeared in court the same day. Mapisa-Nqakula faces 12 charges of corruption and 1 charge of money laundering.

The former Speaker was granted bail of R50,000, with the case being postponed to 4 June 2024.

By 27 March 2024:

IEC candidates list:

  • The deadline for political parties to revise their candidate lists passed on Monday 25 March 2024.
  • This is one of the final steps in the nomination process, which gives political parties an opportunity to revise their lists and to inform the commission if the candidates they nominated were on more than one party’s nomination list or if they were also nominated as an independent candidate.
  • IEC noted in a statement on Monday evening that 14 662 candidates have been nominated to contest the general election across the national assembly and provincial legislatures.
  • Gauteng will have the biggest regional election ballot with 40 political parties and 2 independent candidates contesting for the compensatory seats in the national assembly, while for provincial legislature, Gauteng will have 42 political parties contesting with 2 independent candidates.
  • Additionally, 42 candidates had appeared on more than one party nomination list across 39 political parties. While 1 candidate was nominated as an independent and on a party list according to the IEC.

ANC/MK candidate nomination list leaks :

  • Shortly after the candidate nominations closed, on 8 March 2024, the IEC reported the nomination lists submitted by the ANC and MK Parties were leaked.
  • The IEC’s Deputy Chief Electoral Officer, Mawethu Mosery, said in an interview that an IEC official has been dismissed, following an internal investigation into the matter. The IEC is also looking into measures to make sure this does not happen again.
  • The ANC has noted this leak affects not just the electoral process but also contains personal information about candidates which has implications for the Protection of Personal Information Act (POPIA).
  • The final candidate nomination list is scheduled to be released on 10 April 2024, following various stages of verification of the candidate nomination lists and objections.

ActionSA manifesto launch:

  • ActionSA released their 2024 election manifesto on 23 March 2024, Boksburg Johannesburg. This will be the first time that they contest a general election, having previously been established before the 2021 local election.

MK contesting elections:

  • On 19 March 2024, the ANC took the MK party to the electoral court to appeal the registration of the MK as a political party.
  • The court, which heard arguments from both sides, gave its judgement on 26 March 2024.
  • The court dismissed the case, concluding that the ANC had two opportunities to challenge the registration when the MK party first registered last year.

By 22 March 2024

Candidate nominations list:

  • The IEC is expected to release a provisional list of nominated candidates on 26 and 27 March.

Manifesto launches:

  • The GOOD party launched its manifesto on Saturday, 16 March.

Electoral process:

  • The IEC dismissed an employee this past week, following the leak of candidate lists of the African National Congress (ANC) and uMkhonto weSizwe (MK) parties.
  • On 7 March, the Democratic Alliance (DA) submitted an appeal to Western governments requesting observer support against domestic and foreign interference in the 29 May National and Provincial Elections (NPE). This follows a similar appeal made by 11 parties as part of the Multi-Party Charter (MPC) submitted to the foreign ministries of the European Union(EU), G7 nations (the USA, the UK, Germany, France, Japan, Italy, and Canada) as well as Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark in early February.
  • The move has been criticised as an attempt to undermine the IEC and South Africa’s electoral process.
  • The IEC announced recently that it has granted observer status to 52 organisations, both international and local, with the majority being local. It has also stated that more international organisations are expected to request accreditation closer to the election date.

By 12 March 2024

Candidate nominations list:

  • The deadline for parties and independent candidates to submit their candidate nomination details to participate in the upcoming National and Provincial Elections (NPE) closed on, Friday 8 March 2024 at 17h00.
  • The IEC reports that 115 parties have made submissions to contest seats in the National Assembly.
  • 101 unrepresented parties intend to contest for seats in the National Assembly while all 14 parties presently holding seats in the National Assembly have made their submissions to contest seats in the National Assembly and at least one region.
  • 16 submissions have been received from independent candidates, that is candidates not nominated by any political party.

Manifesto launches:

  • This past weekend, the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) launched their manifesto.

Other:

  • The IEC notes an incident in which political parties the African National Congress (ANC) and uMkhonto weSizwe (MK), candidate lists were disclosed in an unauthorised manner and have since directed an enquiry to establish further details.

By 8 March 2024:

Party Funding’s Third Quarter Disclosure Report:

  • On 29 February 2024, the IEC released the Party Funding Third Quarter Disclosure Report for the 2023-24 Financial Year.
  • As outlined in the Political Party Funding Act of 2018, all political parties must disclose private donations received by the party above R100 000 to the electoral commission each quarter.
  • The third quarter report comes shortly after President Cyril Ramaphosa proclaimed the 2024 general election and covers the period from 1 October to 31 December 2023.
  • The combined total of all declared donations (those over R100 000) for the third quarter was R59 052 065.82.

Candidate nominations list:

  • Political parties have until Friday, 8 March 2024, to submit their candidate nomination lists.
  • These lists are an important part of ensuring transparency within the electoral process as it allows voters to get an idea of who will represent the party in the National Assembly and Provincial Legislature should the party get enough votes.
  • Once the lists have been submitted, the IEC will conduct a verification process to ensure political parties have submitted all relevant documentation.
  • A provisional list of the nominations will be available for the public to inspect on the 26 and 27 March 2024.

ANC candidate nomination list:

  • There has been a lot of attention surrounding the ANC’s candidate nomination list over the past week.
  • This focus is in part due to the ANC integrity commissions report which recommended that those implicated in the Zondo State Capture Commission should not be put on the candidates nomination list.
  • While the list will only be available later in the month, some analysts suggest it will play an important role in determining the ANC’s stance on corruption and holding its own members more accountable.

Manifesto launches:

By 28 February 2024

Election date announcement implications:

  • In a media briefing on Monday, 26 February 2024, the IEC brought attention to important dates and deadlines regarding the voter roll, candidate nominations list, and other important elements of the election process.
  • An important implication of the election date announcement is that voter registration is now closed.
  • The final voters roll sits at 7 million people, this is more than the number of registered voters in the 2019 election, which had around 26 million.

Guidelines on the use of social media during election period:

ANC Manifesto launch:

  • On the 24 February 2024, the African National Congress (ANC) held their manifesto launch in Durban, KZN.
  • They are among a few political parties who have held significant campaign events in the highly contested province.

Election Date:

  • On 20 February 2024, President Cyril Ramaphosa announced that the 2024 South African general election would take place on Wednesday, 29 May 2024.
  • The election date was welcomed by the IEC, which reiterated their readiness for the election.
  • They also announced the final day to register or update voter information is 23 February 2024. Eligible South Africans are urged to register online before then by visiting: https://registertovote.elections.org.za/

Determination of seats:

  • The IEC released the determination of seats for the Provincial Legislature ahead of the 2024 general elections.
  • The provincial legislature seats are calculated based on the provinces population statistics and the representation of political parties.
  • The number of seats that will be contested in the provincial legislature is around 445 seats, with this figure subject to change as the Western Cape has not yet confirmed its number of seats.

DA Manifesto Launch:

  • On Saturday, 17 February 2024, the Democratic Alliance (DA) launched their manifesto in Pretoria.

By 12 February 2024:

Manifesto Launches:

  • On 10 February 2024, the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) launched their manifesto in KwaZulu-Natal.
  • They are the first of the top three political parties in South Africa to launch their manifesto, with the Democratic Alliance (DA) and African National Congress (ANC) launching theirs on 17 and 24 February respectively.

Election date:

  • President Cyril Ramaphosa will announce the 2024 election date by the 23 February 2024.
  • He was expected to announce the date during his SONA Speech on 8 February, however, the presidency spokesperson indicated shortly before the SONA that the president would announce the date within 15 days.

By 7 February 2024:

  • The IEC announced that the inmates’ voter registration took place between 30 January and 01 February 2024 facilitated in conjunction with the Department of Correctional Services.
  • The IEC is expected to release the Party Funding’s Third Quarter Disclosure Report for the 2023/2024 financial year sometime in February or March.
  • On the 29 January 2024, former president Jacob Zuma was suspended by the National Executive Committee (NEC) of the ANC, following his announcement of support for the uMkhonto Wesizwe (MK) party in December 2023. The ANC’s general secretary Fikile Mbalula has stated that this suspension is justified as a contravention of rule 25.60 of the party’s Constitution.

Election registration weekend of February 2024:

  • On 3 and 4 February 2024, the IEC held the final voter registration weekend, in efforts to ensure that people are registered ahead of the general election.
  • The IEC reports that it was a successful weekend with over 2 million people interacting with voting stations or the online website over the weekend.
  • Out of the 2 million, 457 000 people registered for the first time while 6 million people updated their voter information.
  • The voter roll now stands at 27,4 million.

 

First Voter registration

  • The Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) conducted its inaugural voter registration weekend campaign on November 19 and 20, 2023. During this campaign, 568,374 first-time registrars were successfully registered.
  • Following the successful voter registration weekend campaign, the IEC has declared that it will run its second and final voter registration weekend on Saturday, 3 February, and Sunday, 4 February 2024.
  • While the second voter registration weekend will be in February 2023, citizens aged 16 and older are still encouraged and invited to register to vote online through the Commission’s portal: https://registertovote.elections.org.za/voter-online-registration/overview.
  • Additionally, the Electoral Commission announced that on January 26, 27, and 28, 2024, South Africans residing overseas may register at embassies, high commissions, and consulates.

Key issues surrounding the election

  • In the run-up to the 2024 elections, one of the most contentious issues has been representation and the possible place and participation of independents in the National Assembly. The Constitutional Court has since made a ruling on matters attendant to this.
  • On requirements to stand, the Constitutional Court overturned the requirement that independent candidates seeking to run in the 2024 provincial and national elections get the signatures of 15% of the population residing in the area they are running in. This favourable independent candidate ruling also states that instead, independent candidates will require at least 1000 signatories in their respective constituencies.
  • On seat allocation, the Constitutional Court ruled in favour of the current status quo, arguing that the Electoral Amendment Act is constitutional and based on proportional representation.
  • Noting the above, the Constitutional Court (CC) dismissed the Independent Candidate Association of South Africa’s (ICASA) application to alter parliament’s seating arrangement from 200 elected seats / 200 proportional seats to a 350/50 split.
  • On 2 December 2023, the Portfolio Committee on Home Affairs resolved that to include a larger pool of individuals with knowledge of various electoral issues, including representation, the appointment procedure for the Electoral Reform Consultation Panel needs to be reopened.
  • While the pronouncement on the appointment of the panel has been delayed for some time, the portfolio committee’s resolutions suggest that we might finally see a start to work on forging meaningful electoral reform.

Election contenders 

Election day

  • The official election day has not yet been announced, although it is still projected to be in May.
  • President Ramaphosa is expected to officially announce the election day at the State of the Nation Address, which is expected to be held on Thursday, 8 February 2024.
  • Opposition parties have also made calls for the election date to be announced at the SONA, citing that not knowing the official date may negatively impact their planning and campaigning work.

Election campaigns

  • On 16 December 2023, former President Jacob Zuma launched a new ANC splinter party, called the MK Party (Umkhonto WeSizwe) which he says he will be campaigning and voting for.
  • Following Zuma’s backing of this party, and his announcement of his return to active politics, journalists sent queries to the IEC on his eligibility to stand for public office.
  • The IEC has since clarified that, due to his recent imprisonment and according to the constitution, Zuma does not qualify to stand for public office.
  • In its response, the IEC explained that it relied on Section 47(e) of South Africa’s Constitution, which prohibits the holding of public office by anyone found guilty and sentenced to more than 12 months in jail without the option of paying a fine.
  • However, this disqualification under Section 47 lapses 5 years after the sentence has been completed, suggesting that, should he wish, Zuma may stand for election in the 2029 General elections.
  • With the election campaign in full swing across South Africa, several political parties are preparing to launch their manifestos in the coming weeks and months.
  • The largest three political parties, ANC, DA and EFF, are set to launch their manifestos after SONA, which is scheduled for 8 February. There have also been growing calls for President Ramaphosa to announce the election date during his SONA.
  • The EFF plans to launch its manifesto on the 10th of February 2024, shortly after SONA, while the DA and ANC, are set to launch their manifestos on the 17th and 24th of February 2024, respectively.
  • Rise Mzansi, led by Songezo Zibi, and contesting their first general election, launched their manifesto on Saturday, 20th January 2024, in Pretoria. The newly formed political party will be one of more than 200 political parties estimated to be contesting the 2024 election.
  • The month of March will be just as active, with several political parties scheduled to launch their manifestos. This includes the IFP which is set to launch theirs on 10 March 2024, and potentially ActionSA, which first entered the South African political space during the 2021 Local Government Elections.
  • The Multiparty Charter, which is comprised of several opposition political parties, including the DA, IFP, and ActionSA, held a press briefing in Durban on 24 January 2024 to outline their first collaborative policy position. The briefing focused on issues regarding the economy.
Head of Programme: Governance Delivery and Impact | Website

Craig Moffat, PhD is the Head of Programme: Governance Delivery and Impact for Good Governance Africa. He has more than 17 years of practical experience working for government institutions and multilateral organisations. He was previously employed by the South African Foreign Service, where he worked extensively at identifying and analysing security threats towards South Africa as well as the southern Africa region. Previously, he was the political advisor for the Pretoria Regional Delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross. He holds a PhD in Political Science from Stellenbosch University.

Head of Programme: Governance Delivery and Impact | Website

Mxolisi Zondo is a Researcher in the Governance Delivery and Impact programme at Good Governance Africa. He holds a BA Honours in International Relations and a Bachelor of Political Science from the University of Pretoria (UP). He is currently pursuing his Master of Arts Degree in Diplomatic Studies at UP. His dissertation looks at the extent to which South Africa’s involvement in peace missions on the African continent serves the country’s national interest. Before joining Good Governance Africa, he worked as a Public Policy Intern at Frontline Africa Advisory. He has also worked as an Assistant Lecturer and Research Assistant at the University of Pretoria.

Head of Programme: Governance Delivery and Impact | Website

Stuart Morrison is a Data Analyst Intern within the Governance Insights and Analytics Team. He is currently completing his Master’s degree in e-Science at the University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. His thesis is focused on exploring the relationship between early elections and the propensity for political violence. Stuart also has a keen interest in applied data science and aspires to use his skills as a data scientist and researcher to help address some of the key security and governance issues across the African continent.

Head of Programme: Governance Delivery and Impact | Website

Mischka Moosa is a data journalist at GGA. She holds a Bachelor of Social Science with majors in Gender Studies and Political Science that she obtained from the University of Cape Town. Her focus of interest is on decolonial approaches to justice, development and transformation in Africa.